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Friday, May 1, 2009

Guru G. I. Gurdjieff

Guru G. I. Gurdjieff

Gurdjieff’s biography is practically unknown until 1912 and is completely reliant on what Gurdjieff said. From 1913 to 1949 the chronology appears to stand on the much firmer ground afforded by primary document, independent observer, cross-reference, and rational deduction.

Gurdjief was born in Alexandropol, Armenia. The precise date is unknown, but many author quarrel persuasively for 1866 to even think his passport states that he was born on November 28, 1877. Gurdjieff grew up in Kars and traveled to many parts of the world before frequent to Russia in 1912.

The simply account of Gurdjieff’s early biography before he appeared in Moscow in 1912 can be found in his text Meeting with Remarkable Men.

On New Years’s Day of 1912, Gurdjieff arrived in Moscow and involved his first linked. During the same years he married Julia Ostrowska in St Petersburg. In 1914 Gurdjieff first advertised his ballet, “The effort of the Magicians,” as well as supervise his pupils’ writing of the sketch “Glimpses of Truth.”

Numerous author have speculate that Gurdjieff was a spy, most likely of the Tzar, through the wars. This maintains has been neither established nor generally dismissed, due to the fact that Gurdjieff had contact to mostly places in Asia. Gurdjieff myself commented indirectly on this claim in his book Beelzebub’s Tales when he said that “During a war each person that is several what aware is measured a spy because of his sincerity and alertness.”

In the midst of activist confusion in Russia he absent Petrograd in 1917 to arrival to his family home in Alexandropol. Throughout the Bolshevik Revolution Gurdjieff set up temporary study district in Essentuki in the Caucasus, then Tuapse, Maikop, Sochi and Poti, all on the Black Sea coast of southern Russia, wherever he worked intensively with many of his Russian pupils.

In March 1918, Ouspensky divided from Gurdjieff, and four months later Gurdjieff’s eldest sister and her family reached him in Essentuki as refugees, bringing news that Turks had attempt his father in Alexandropol on 15 May. As Essentuki became ever more exposed by Civil War, Gurdjieff planted a fabricated newspaper story of his approaching ‘scientific expedition’ to Mount Induc. Posing as a scientist, Gurdjieff’s left Essentuki with a following of fourteen. They went by train to Maikop where hosptilies held them for three weeks. In spring of 1919 Gurdjiet met and established as pupils the artist Alexandre Salzmann and his wife Jeanne. In collaboration with Jeanne Salzmann, Gurdjieff gave the first public expression of his sacred revelation of his Sacred Dances.

In autumn 1919 he and his adjoining pupils enthused to Tbilisi. In behind May 1920, while political state in Georgia tainted and the old arrange was crumbling, they walked by foot to Batumi on the Black Sea Coast, and then Istanbul. There Gudjieff rented a home on Koumbaradji Street in Pera and later at 13 Abdullatif Yemeneci Sokak near the Galata rise. The residence is near the tekke of the Mevlevi arrange of Sufis, where Gaurdjieff, Ouspensky, and Thomas de Hartmann experienced the sema ceremony of the Whirling Dervishes. In Istanbul Gurdjieff also met John G. Bennett.

In August 1921 and 1922, Gurdjieff traveled approximately Western Europe, lecturing and giving expression the sema ceremony of the revolving Dervishes. Inside Istanbul Gurdjieff also met John G. Bennett.

In August 1921 and 1922, Gurdjieff traveled around Western Europe, lecturing and giving demonstrations of his work in different cities such as Berlin and London, capturing the duty of Ouspensy’s many famous pupils, notably the editor A.R.Orage. Behind he missing a civil action to obtain Hellerau possession in Britain, Gurdjieff recognized the institute for the Harmonious growth of Man south of paris at the prieure des Basses Loges in Fontainebleau-Avon near the after Katherine Mansfield died on 9 January 1923.

In 1924 he almost died in a car crash. Heavy alone from Paris to Fontainebleau, Gurdjieff had a near fatal motor-car crash. Nused by his wife and mother, he made a slow and tender recovery-against medical hope. Still convalescent, he formally ‘disbanded’ his organization on 26 August, and began writing all and everything.

In 1925 Gurdjieff’s wife contracted cancer, and she died in 1926 despite radiotherapy and Gurdjieff’s unorthodox action. Ouspensky attended her funeral. In July 1926 Aleister Crowley briefly visited Priesure and Gurdjieff emphatically repudiated him.

Initial in 1929, Gurdjieff made visits to North America where he took over as the teacher of pupils who were at that time beings taught by A.R. Orage.

In 1935 Gurdjieff stopped writing all and everything, having finished the first two parts of the trilogy and only having started on the Third Series under the title life is real only Then, When ‘I Am’).



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